The Town of Ajax retained Toronto and Region Conservation Authority (TRCA) to undertake the Ajax Urban Forest Study. This technical report examines the distribution of canopy cover by the Municipal Property Assessment Corporation (MPAC) land use type, available planting opportunities, size and species composition, the structural value of the forest, and forest function. Additionally, the report explores change since the last assessment completed in 2009, the potential future state of the forest, and urban heat mapping and planting prioritization. This technical study will inform the comprehensive update to the Urban Forest Management Plan that will begin in 2023.
Urban Forest Plans
The last Urban Forestry Study was completed in 2014. At this point, there are no further formal commitments.
The tree planting target is 1 million trees by 2040, and the Brampton One Million Trees Program Strategy sets the actions to achieve it.
The City is updating the existing Urban Forest Master Plan (UFMP); a draft is ready and will be presented to Council in 2023. A canopy target of 35% by 2041 was identified in Vision 2040: Burlington’s Strategic Plan 2016-2040. Analysis of the UFMP will include how to reach this target. Urban Forest equity is being incorporated into the mapping. The UFMP story map provides more information on city canopy cover, canopy by height and tree type, municipal tree inventory and urban forest equity.
The Town does not have an Urban Forest Plan but participated in developing the Peel Region Urban Forest Strategy.
Clarington's Urban Forest Strategy provides broad direction for urban forest planning and makes forest sustainability the primary objective of forest management.
Our Forest, Our Future: Dufferin County Forest Operating Plan (2021-2026) outlines how environmental, economic, and social sustainability will be achieved for the Dufferin County Forest over the next five years, building on the County’s strategies as outlined in the twenty-year management plan (2016-2036).
The Region does not have a formal plan, but it is noted as future action in Envision Durham - the Durham Regional Official Plan.
Urban Forestry Management Plan (UFMP) was approved in 2012. The most recent update on UFMP implementation was provided on August 2020 to Council. The canopy target is 40%, as per UFMP. The 2019 Guelph Urban Forest Study Report provides technical details related to tree canopy variations across different land types (e.g., vacant, industrial, private, public, etc.) and at the neighbourhood level. This report helps inform the implementation of the next phase of UFMP.
Halton Region's Five-Year Operating Plan provides a summary of management activities completed during the 2015-2019 operating period, identifies activities for the 2020-2024 operating period, and provides a discussion of current and potential management issues.
For the past two years, the City has been working with stakeholders, residents, and other City staff to prepare an Urban Forest Strategy (UFS) for Hamilton, expected to be approved by council in 2023. In June 2023, Hamilton city council approved a proposal to increase its urban tree canopy to 40 percent by 2050, effectively doubling its current canopy. The City is working on a tree equity study, which will be completed in 2024.
1) The Tree Management Plan for King Township Report addresses the state of trees and policies and plans for managing the trees on public lands. 2) Parks & Forestry Mater Plan, 2019 3) The most recent State of the Forest Report was prepared in 2021 by York Region where, canopy cover in King Township was measured at 34.3% and woodland cover at 26.5%. Tree canopy is approaching the recommended range of 36% to 41%. And 26.5%, woodland cover is within the recommended range of 26% to 28%. The second King Forest Study, in partnership with the Region, King Township and the conservation authorities is underway, and the results will be available in 2023. This study will track progress and inform on how the forest in King is changing.
The City is currently working with the Climate Leadership Working Group (a body of community leaders tasked with providing input and peer review to inform City-wide implementation of the Climate Leadership Plan) to implement the Food and Forestry actions of the Climate Leadership Plan.
2020-2030 Business Plan Urban Forestry provides an overview of the budget, key activities the service plans to undertake from 2020 to 2023 to implement the Corporation's 2019 to 2023 Strategic Plan, as well as an overview of the anticipated risks and challenges the service during this period.
Markham is working with TRCA and York Region in developing Markham Urban Forest Study. The study looks at tree canopy coverage by land use types and will provide recommendations to maintain and increase urban forest cover.
Newmarket's Urban Forestry Management Plan presents information on current and best urban forestry practices, and opportunities where Newmarket can be even better, covering the following areas: • Urban Forest Tree Inventory • Tree Maintenance Plan • Tree Establishment and Planting Plan • Tree Protection • Invasive Species & Noxious Weeds Management Plan • Outreach and Public Engagement Plan
A new Urban Forest Strategic Management Plan will be released in 2023.
Putting Down Roots for the Future is a 20-year strategic Urban Forest Management Plan (UFMP) for the City of Ottawa. This plan was approved by Ottawa City Council in June 2017 and has 26 recommendations for growing Ottawa’s urban forest and making it healthier, more diverse and resilient. The UFMP and its recommendations have been developed based on input from City staff, other stakeholders and members of the public, assessments of the current status of the urban forest management and planning framework in Ottawa, and accepted best practices. The UFMP is intended to provide the strategic and technical guidance required to achieve urban forest sustainability in Ottawa over the coming decades.
The Region is updating the existing Urban Forest Management Plan and has Urban Forest Best Practice Guides. Also, it is currently developing an Inventory Trees Assets Plan.
The City’s Urban Forest Management Plan was approved by Council in 2020. It proposes a 30% total canopy cover target and a sub-target of 15% woodland cover. Action 1.3.2 in the Urban Forest Management Plan provides direction to explore partnership opportunities to develop a planting prioritization tool, to optimize City programs and resources and the provision of urban forest services by planting trees more strategically throughout the City, taking into consideration heat islands, vulnerable populations, climate change, natural heritage features, biodiversity, canopy cover targets, population density, etc. In addition, every ten years, the City completes an Urban Forest Study to examine: the distribution of canopy cover by land use type; available planting opportunities; size and species composition; structural value of the forest; and the condition of the forest. The most recent Urban Forest Study was conducted in 2022, and it provided a series of recommendations, including that the City work with York Region to customize and utilize the Region’s tree planting prioritization tool for Richmond Hill to improve equitable canopy cover distribution.
Toronto’s Strategic Forest Management Plan provides the direction necessary to achieve a healthy, sustainable urban forest. It includes the following six strategic goals: Increase canopy cover Achieve equitable distribution Increase biodiversity Increase awareness Promote stewardship Improve monitoring
The City is undertaking Urban Forest Management Plan and Woodlot Management Plan starting in 2023. Vaughan’s targets are 17% total woodland cover and 25%-35% total urban tree cover based on the York Region Forest Management Plan.
Regional Forest Management Plan consists of several elements or modules including: 1. Provides a general overview of forest management as it applies to the Regional Forests; 2. Presents the philosophical and policy approach being taken; discusses forest and property management issues; 3. Provides general information about the overall Regional Forest system; articulates the goals and objectives to be pursued over the term of the plan; and 4. Provides guiding principles and operating guidelines for all management activities.
The City is developing an Urban Forest Management Plan, expected by the end of 2023.